文教大事記

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1999 / 10月



民國三十九年

禁行日文

教育部頒訂「戡亂建國教育實施綱要」

民國四十二年

推行國語運動(加強國語教育計畫)

民國四十五年

開辦大專聯考

民國四十六年

「文星」雜誌創刊,引進西方思潮

民國四十九年

「自由中國」雜誌停刊,文字獄大興

民國五十一年

首家電視台「台視」開播

民國五十五年

中共掀起「文化大革命」,國民政府決定大力推展「中華文化復興運動」

民國五十七年

實施九年制國民義務教育

民國六十二年

林懷民創辦「雲門舞集」

民國六十六年

「鄉土文學」論戰興起

民國七十年

行政院文化建設委員會成立「天下」雜誌創刊

民國七十二年

侯孝賢、楊德昌等新銳導演崛起,開啟「新浪潮電 影」

民國七十四年

龍應台出版《野火集》「人間」雜誌創刊

民國七十九年

「野百合」學生運動展開

民國八十二年

通過「有線電視法」草案,民眾收視頻道暴增

民國八十三年

李遠哲出任中研院院長

「四一○教改大遊行」,政府成立「教改會」

六一二出版大限,翻譯書大清倉

民國八十五年

國小教科書全面開放民間 編印

民國八十七年

著作權法廢止登記制,改為全面實施

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Timeline of Key Cultural and Educational Events


1950

The use of Japanese is prohibited, and the Ministry of Education issues "Outline for the Implementation of Measures to Strengthen National Education during the Period of National Rebellion."

1953

Plan announced to strengthen Mandarin education.

1956

Joint entrance exam for universities and colleges held for the first time.

1957

The magazine Wenxing ("Literary Star"), which introduces Western thinking, begins publication.

1960

The magazine Ziyou Zhongguo ("Free China") is halted. Censorship increases.

1961

Taiwan Television (TTV), the island's first television station, starts broadcasting.

1966

The Cultural Revolution commences on the mainland, and the ROC decides to promote a "Chinese Cultural Renaissance" in Taiwan.

1967

Education through the ninth grade is made compulsory.

1973

Lin Hwai-min founds the Cloud Gate Dance Ensemble.

1977

The "native soil" movement bursts onto the literary scene.

1981

The Executive Yuan establishes the Council for Cultural Planning and Development. Kao Hsi-chun and others found the magazine CommonWealth.

1983

The rise of directors such as Hou Hsiao- hsien and Edward Yang marks the arrival of the "new wave" in Taiwanese cinema.

1985

Lung Ying-tai's Wildfire is published. The magazine Renjian ("humanity") begins publication.

1990

The "wild lily" student movement, which demands faster political reform, takes root at university campuses.

1993

Cable television is legalized, resulting in tremendous growth in the number of stations.

1994

Lee Yuan-tseh becomes president of the Academia Sinica. On April 10 demon- strators march for educational reform, and in response the government establishes the Educational Reform Council. The government announces that copyrights of foreign books must be obtained by June 12. Before that date, publishers and booksellers clear the stocks of illegal translations.

1996

The elementary school textbook market is opened to private-sector publishers.

1998

The registration requirement in the copyright law is scrapped, and the law is changed to ensure complete protection.

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