國產羽絨拚精品

:::

2013 / 2月

文‧陳歆怡


喜歡國內五星級飯店暖呼呼、將人溫柔包覆的舒適被褥嗎?這些依飯店需求客製化的寢具,有許多都使用台灣羽絨、在台灣製造,過去卻低調地未標示產地。

 

好消息是,今年春季,農委會即將公布實施台灣羽絨製品CAS認證,並展開品牌推廣,未來消費者將能以平實的價格,擁有精品級的國產羽絨製品。


許多農村子弟都有被鴨、鵝追趕的記憶,那胖敦敦、雪白的身影,令人難忘。

台灣大小池塘遍布、河流多,畜養鴨鵝向來是農村重要的副業,羽毛產量也相對穩定豐富。農委會統計,近年國內每年屠宰鴨隻數為2,800萬~2,900萬隻,鵝隻數約500萬隻,由此推估,國產初級羽毛(未經精洗加工)的產值約新台幣14億元,經過加工業者精製後,羽絨年產量可達兩千多公噸,約占總加工量的近2成,產值達新台幣45億元。

農委會家禽生產科科長江文全指出,國產鴨鵝憑藉飼養技術及品種改良,產生的羽毛品質相當優良。

首先,由於國人喜歡熟成風味,因此飼養期長達70~85天,絨朵成熟、整齊,且產絨量高,尤其冬季鵝隻肥美,絨朵更大。

其次,台灣主要飼養品種如白羅曼鵝、白土番鴨,毛色純白、無黑點,比一般雜色羽絨更具價值。

江文全表示,台灣因為幅員小及擁有完整分工體系,「全世界僅有台灣能在屠宰後12小時內完成羽絨粗洗程序,」因此有效阻止羽絨的腐敗發酵,大幅提升羽絨的蓬鬆彈力、保暖力及保存時間。

產地證明及標示制度上路

國產羽絨品質好,加工業者最知道,因此常自設成品加工部,或與紡織業者合作,製作料好工細的寢具,長期供應飯店業者或交由百貨專櫃販售,少數也有製作羽絨衣。

然而,為何一般消費者反而接觸不太到MIT羽絨製品?江文全解釋,這是因為過去國內的品質檢驗僅有經濟部標準檢驗局公告的CNS2119「精緻水禽羽」國家標準,針對的是初級羽絨原料,且不具強制性,因此造成製成品無標示的現象。此外,由於國產羽絨的價值感沒有建立,有時國產羽絨也跟其他產地的羽絨混合使用,相當可惜。

為了建立國產羽絨精品形象,農委會預計最快3月上路的CAS羽絨認證,品項優先鎖定羽絨用量較大的羽絨被,認證通過者代表從原料到加工都在台灣生產製造(但可進口半成品的被殼,在國內填充),品質也有專家把關。

羽毛輸出業同業公會也建議,消費者採購時,除了仔細閱讀成分標示,還可以自行測試,包括:壓一壓:觀察羽絨被是否會回彈?聞一聞:確認水洗烘乾的清潔度是否徹底?羽絨的天然味道能否接受?抖一抖:看看羽絨是否漏出(代表表布織數不足)?摸一摸:羽絨成分越高就越柔軟。

此外,春夏來臨時,或許也可考慮,選購吸濕、排汗、羽絨含量較低的涼被,感受溫柔細緻一整年!

相關文章

近期文章

EN

CAS Certification for Taiwan Down

Chen Hsin-yi /tr. by Jonathan Barnard

Do you like the warm, soft and extremely comfortable bedding found at five-star hotels in Taiwan? The special-order varieties of bedding found at these hotels are largely manufactured in Taiwan and filled with Taiwan-raised and -processed down, but the hotel industry here used to take a low-key approach and not announce the place of origin of these products.

 

The good news is that this spring the Council of Agriculture is on the verge of announcing CAS (certified agricultural standards) for labeling Taiwan down. What’s more, the COA will be promoting local brands. As consumers gain knowledge about these brands, they will be able to obtain top-quality domestically produced down products at a fair price.


With ponds, lakes and rivers scattered throughout Taiwan, farmers have long made raising ducks and geese an important sideline business, and the production of feathers and down has remained relatively stable over the years. According to COA statistics, 28 to 29 million ducks and about 5 million geese are raised for slaughter each year in Taiwan. Based on these figures, it is estimated that Taiwan produces about NT$1.4 billion worth of raw feathers annually. The weight of Taiwan-raised down after processing exceeds 2000 metric tons a year and accounts for about 20% of all down feathers processed in Taiwan, with a value of NT$4.5 billion.

Jiang Wen­quan, poultry industry section chief at the COA, points out that because people in Taiwan prefer the flavor of mature birds, they are typically raised for 70–85 days, meaning that the down feathers are desirably mature (providing greater loft) and copious in quantity. The down is particularly abundant on plump winter geese.

And Taiwan, with its small area, has a particularly well developed division of labor in the down industry: “It is the only place in the world where it is possible to complete the preliminary washing process within 12 hours after slaughter.” That helps to prevent disintegration of the down and enhances the loft and warmth of the finished product.

Authenticating place of origin

The high quality of the down produced in Taiwan is well known among down processors, so they often establish their own finished goods departments or work with textile manufacturers to produce high-quality bedding, which they supply to hotels or sales outlets at department stores. A small number of them even make down clothing.

Yet, why is it that most consumers have never come across down products with labels announcing that they are “made in Taiwan”? ­Jiang explains that in years past the only relevant domestic certification was the Ministry of Economic Affair’s CNS2119 certification for “waterfowl feathers,” which only requires that feathers have had a preliminary cleaning. What’s more, since certification wasn’t compulsory, most products lacked any labels of certification.

In order to build an image for high-quality Taiwan-produced down, the COA plans to develop a CAS label for Taiwan down as early as March. Comforters, which use the most down, have been targeted as a top priority. Those attaining the certification will be required to have everything from production of the raw down to the processing carried out in Taiwan. (The single exception will be allowing for imported comforter “shells,” which will then need to be stuffed in Taiwan). And there will be exacting controls for quality.

The Taiwan Feather Exporters’ Association also recommends that when making purchases consumers carefully inspect and read component tags and perform some small tests of their own: Press on it. Does the down quickly rebound to its original loft? Smell it. Were the washing, drying and sanitizing processes carried out thoroughly? Shake it. Does any of the down come out? (If some does, it indicates that the fabric weave is too loose.) Feel it. The higher the down content, the softer it should feel.

X 使用【台灣光華雜誌】APP!
更快速更方便!