柬式符號

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2018 / 12月

文‧許紘捷 圖‧許紘捷



柬埔寨在1953年成功脫離法國殖民統治,在希哈努克國王努力推動現代化之後,迎來一個政治與經濟文化蓬勃的黃金時期。但這一切的建設,在1975年至1979年赤柬3年8個月的統治期間,被摧毀殆盡。焚書、迫害宗教、殺害知識份子與有產階級,導致柬埔寨歷經數十年的赤貧與社會問題,文化倒退,停滯不前。

從2010年開始,在約八年的長期採樣與記錄,我感受到因近二十年內外資逐漸投入,發展快速的柬埔寨社會在一切以經濟為主的政策下,許多的傳統文化資產與習俗不斷的在消失中。而因為缺少知識份子的傳承,其中大部分的歷史典故與知識、技術大量流失,永不再現。

但現代柬埔寨的知識份子,正逐漸透過自己的力量,嘗試文化復興運動,試圖透過文化的力量療癒戰爭的集體傷痛,並找回柬人的自信與驕傲。而資源與知識的先天侷限,需要透過大量的圖像保存與蒐集,希望在未來能建置資料庫並結合教育系統,帶來實質的助益。                                             

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英文

Symbodia

Hsu Hung Chieh /photos courtesy of Hsu Hung Chieh /tr. by Scott Williams


Cambodia achieved independence from French colonial rule in 1953. Its king, Norodom Sihanouk, subsequently promoted the country’s modernization, leading to a brief political and economic golden age. Sadly, the Khmer Rouge destroyed everything built in this period during its 1975–1979 reign. The regime burned books, persecuted religion, and massacred intellectuals and the bourgeoisie during its three years and eight months in power, leading to decades of poverty and social problems, as well as cultural regression.

I spent nearly eight years exploring and documenting Cambodia beginning in 2010. During that time, I saw nearly 20 years of foreign investment and economically focused policy spur the rapid development of Cambodian society and the disappearance of many of its cultural assets and traditional customs. Without intellectuals to pass along the country’s history, knowledge, stories and traditional ways of doing things, it lost a great many of them.

Present-day Cambodian intellectuals are attempting to create a cultural renaissance movement, using the power of culture to heal the collective war wounds and rebuild the Cambodian people’s confidence and pride. Because they have only limited resources and knowledge, they are collecting and preserving large numbers of images that they hope to incorporate into a database and integrate with the educational system as a means of bringing the country closer to that goal.                                                                          

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