今年首期稻穀豐收

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1976 / 8月



今年首期稻穀,普遍豐收。根據台灣省糧食局表示,今年第一期稻穀將於本(八)月收割完畢,雖然曾經受到颱風豪雨的影響,但是仍然豐收,初步估計產量可能達到一百三十五萬公噸以上,創歷年來第一期稻作的最高紀錄。今年稻穀豐收,主要是政府明確的宣示增加糧米生產的決策,並且採取了各項有效的措施,例如核撥巨額資金,設置糧食平準基金,訂定稻穀最低收購價格,辦理稻穀收購,保障農民收益;免息貸放米穀生產資金,解決農民缺乏資金困難,減低生產成本。因此,使得農民增產的興趣大為提高,稻作種植面積及稻米生產量均迅速增加。於是,就產生普遍豐收的成果。

台灣地區民食軍糈所需米穀,約為二百四十四萬分噸,因此每年的生產目標,均需要高出需要量,以便政府能有多餘的糧食可以掌握。由於增產糧食和掌握糧食,是政府的政策,因此近年來政府全力推展糧食增產工作,並且採取四項原則積極進行:第一是維持合理糧價,第二是增加生產面積,第三是提高二期稻作單位產量,第四是改進農業行政管理體制的觀念。特別是第一項,可以說是豐收的主要誘因。因為政府維持合理糧價的辦法是,設定保證價值,然後撥款,予以無限制的收購,農民既然能夠得到合理的利潤,耕種的興趣也就大為提高,稻穀生產面積及生產量也隨之不斷地增加了。

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EN

Bountiful Harvest Filling Rice Bowls


Reports on the first crop of rice indicate a good harvest this year. When the first crop is harvested in August, according to Taiwan Provincial Food Bureau, the estimated rice production will be more than 1,350,000 metric tons, the highest record for the first crop. The good harvest is the result of the government's policy and various effective improvement measures. They include appropriating large sums of money for agricultural assistance, establishing a special food equalization fund, setting the minimum purchase price for rice, government rice purchases, insuring the farmers' benefits, providing interest-free loans for rice production and reducing production costs. Thus the farmers became much more interested in growing rice, and the acreage of rice production increased markedly.

Taiwan needs 2,440,000 metric tons of rice for annual consumption. The production goal must exceed this amount. The government has been actively promoting the increase of rice production under four principles: 1. maintaining a reasonable price for rice; 2. increasing the acreage of rice paddies; 3. raising the unit production of the second crop; and 4. improving the concept of the system of agricultural administration and management. The first principle is particularly important in inducing a good harvest. To maintain a reasonable price for rice, the government first, sets a guaranteed price, then appropriates funds to purchase rice without limit. As the farmers now are able to obtain reasonable profit, their interest in growing rice has increased sharply. And the acreage of rice paddies and rice production also has increased steadily.

 

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