十年有成的加工出口區

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1976 / 8月



加工出口區是政府謀求經濟發展的一項新的措施,自從民國五十五年十二月三日,第一個加工出口區——高雄加工出口區——建成以來,迄今已經步入第十個年頭。在這一段時間中間,先後又設置了楠梓和潭子兩個加工區。因為我國加工出口區兼具了工業區與自由貿易區兩者的功能,對於吸引僑外人前來我國投資,及拓展對外貿易,均發揮了很大的效益。近年來,政府加強與友邦經濟貿易及國際合作關係,開發中國家紛紛前來我國參觀加工出口區的作業,並邀請我國專家前往協助建區工作。

三個加工出口區,截至民國六十五年六月底為止,經核准設立的外銷事業計有二百九十二家,投資總額已達美金一億八千六百五十五萬七千元,超過原定計畫目標三倍以上。投資事業,以電子製品最多,其次為塑膠製品、金屬製品,針織和編織品、以及工藝品。資金來源以外資居首位,佔百分之六十七,國資佔百分之十八,僑資佔百分之十五。歷年來產品外銷金額,至本年六月止,計為美金二十二億八千三百五十七萬一千元。外銷地區有九十二個國家;銷售量,以北美洲為最大,約佔百分之四十八。

我國創立加工出口區的主要目的,除了吸引投資及擴展貿易之外,還在於增加國民就業與提高工業技術水準。為了達到上述四大目標,加工出口區對投資廠商的服務方法,是簡化投資手續及機械免稅進口。例如國外投資人來區投資,從投資申請、公司登記、進出口簽證到建照核發,均由政府主管機關授權,在加工出口區管理處一地辦妥。銀行、海關、稅捐稽徵、郵政、電信等服務事業,亦均在區內設有分支機構,專為區內廠商服務。同時加工出口區管理處並要求各廠商注意福利,保障勞工的權益。

〔圖片說明〕

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楠梓加工區北端。

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莊敬堂。

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女子宿舍。

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中國國際商業銀行。

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高雄加工區全景。

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成衣加工。

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照相機加工。

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加工品裝箱運送至儲運中心。

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電子加工。

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裝貨櫃車。

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報關。

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運送至碼頭。

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成品展覽。

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健康檢查。

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員工餐廳。

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消防演習。

相關文章

近期文章

EN

The EPZ's--Working for National Development


The Export Processing Zones--unique Republic of China institutions--promote economic development of the country. It has been nearly ten years since the Kaohsiung Export Processing Zone was dedicated on December 3, 1966. Since then, two more zones were set up in Taiwan. Export processing zones combine the functions of an industrial park and a free trade zone. They have greatly encouraged capital investment from abroad and also expanded foreign trade. In recent years many developing nations have sent representatives to visit the EPZ's. Teams from the Republic of China have been invited to help establish similar zones in other countries, including Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Jordan.

There were 292 export enterprises in the three Export Processing Zones, as of June 1976. The total investments in the three zones exceed US$186,557,000, more than three times the original goal. Electronics is the leading category of enterprise, followed by plastics, metal products, knitted goods, garments and handicrafts. Sixty-seven percent of the investments comes from foreign capital, 18% from domestic capital and 15% from overseas Chinese. The total exports since the establishment of the first EPZ amounted to US$2,283,571,000, as of June, 1976. The products were exported to 92 countries. North America was the largest market, constituting 48%.

In addition to inducing capital investment and expanding foreign trade, the export processing zones also have created job opportunities and raised technological standards in the Republic of China. Services to the investors include simplification of investment procedures and duty-free import of machinery. Investment applications, company registrations, visas for imports and exports, and licences for plant construction are all handled at one place at the EPZ administration by the delegated representatives from the government organizations concerned. Banks, customs, taxation, post office and telecommunications departments all have branch offices in the EPZ to serve investors.

[Picture Caption]

Nantzu Export Processing Zone

Chuang Ching Hall

Girls' dormitories

The International Commercial Bank of China

Kaohsiung Export Processing Zone

Garment processing

Transportation Service Center

Camera processing

Electronics processing

Vehicles for carrying containment cargoes

At the customs

At the harbor

Exhibition of finished garments

The dining hall

Eye examination at the Health Center

An exercise in fire fighting

 

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