政治大事記

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1999 / 10月



民國三怳K年

金門古寧頭大捷,台灣情勢暫獲喘息

政府公布「懲治叛亂條例」,並宣布戒嚴

實施「三七五減租」及扶植自耕農

民國三怳E年

三月,蔣總統在台「復行視事」

韓戰爆發,美國重新援助台灣,並派第七艦隊協防

實施地方自治,劃分為五市怳遛丑A並進行多項地方公職人員選舉

民國四怳G年

實施「耕者有其田」政策

民國四怳C年

中共封鎖金門,發生「八二三砲戰」

民國五怳K年

舉辦「中央公職增補人員」選舉,開立本土人才進入中央之政治參與管道

民國六怞~

四月,釣魚台事件

怳諢A台灣退出聯合國

民國六怳@年

二月,尼克森訪問大陸,發表「上海公報」

九月,中日斷交

民國六怚|年

蔣介石總統去世,副總統嚴家淦接任

民國六怳誚~

「中壢事件」爆發,被視為反對力量興起之始

民國六怳K年

元月,中美斷交

怳G月,爆發「美麗島事件」

民國七怳郎~

民進黨成立

民國七怳誚~

七月,政府宣佈解除戒嚴

怳@月,開放民眾赴大陸探親

民國七怳C年

一月,報禁解除

蔣經國總統去世,副總統李登輝接任

邦交國創下二怳G國新低紀錄

民國八怞~

五月,終止動員戡亂時期,隨即廢除懲治叛亂條例

怳G月,遷台後首次國代全面改選,國民黨以囊括近八成席次大勝

民國八怳@年

國大修憲,確定總統由全民直選

民國八怳G年

四月,「辜汪會談」於新加坡舉行,為兩岸交往的破冰之舉

八月,新黨成立,三黨競爭雛形初具

民國八怳T年

怳G月,遷台後首次台灣省長選舉,同日並舉行北、高兩市市長選舉

民國八怚|年

二月,李總統以國家元首身份,正式為「二二八事件」道歉

六月,李總統訪美,在康乃爾大學發表「民之所欲」演說,兩岸關係逐漸緊張

民國八怳郎~

三月二怳T日,於中共飛彈演習威嚇下,中華民國第一次總統直接民選,李總統以百分之五怚|的得票率當選

怳G月,「國發會」召開,通過「凍省」決議

民國八怳C年

怳G月,綠島人權紀念碑動土

民國八怳K年

七月,李總統提出「兩國論」,台海情勢再度緊繃

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Timeline of Key Political Events


1949

Communist forces are repulsed at Kinmen, giving Taiwan a respite from the mainland threat.

The government announces the Emergency Provisions for the Period of Suppression of the Rebellion and declares martial law.

Rent reductions for tenant farmers are enforced.

1950

(Mar) Chiang Kai-shek reassumes the presidency after a brief "retirement." The Korean War begins; the US resumes aid to Taiwan.

Local self-government begins; the island is divided into 5 cities and 16 counties, and local elections are held.

1953

The "land to the tiller" policy is implemented.

1958

Mainland China lays siege to Kinmen, sparking the "August 23 Artillery Duel."

1969

With the holding of "supplementary elections," Taiwanese are given their first limited access to central govern- ment authority.

1971

(Apr) The Tiaoyutai Incident.

(Oct) The ROC leaves the United Nations.

1972

(Feb) Nixon visits the PRC; the Shanghai Communique is released.

(Sep) Japan breaks relations with the ROC

1975

Chiang Kai-shek dies (he is succeeded by his vice-president, Yen Chia-kan).

1977

The Chungli Incident; this is today widely seen as marking the rise of a serious opposition movement.

1979

(Jan) The US announces intention to break relations with the ROC.

(Dec) The Kaohsiung Incident (a.k.a. the Formosa Incident or Meilitao Incident).

1986

Founding of the Democratic Progres- sive Party.

1987

(Jul) Martial law is formally lifted.

(Nov) New policy allows people to travel to mainland China.

1988

(Jan) Ban on new newspapers is formally lifted.

President Chiang Ching-kuo dies; he is succeeded by vice-president Lee Teng- hui.

Number of formal diplomatic partners falls to all-time low at 22.

1991

(May) The Period of Mobilization for Suppression of the Rebellion is terminated; sedition laws are eliminated.

(Dec) First election for National Assembly since 1947; KMT wins nearly 80% of the seats.

1992

National Assembly amends constitu- ion to allow for direct popular election of the president.

1993

(Apr) The Koo-Wang summit in Singapore breaks the ice in Taiwan-mainland relations.

(Aug) The New Party is founded, initiating an era of three-party politics.

1994

(Dec) Direct elections for previously appointive positions of Taiwan governor, Taipei mayor, and Kaohsiung mayor.

1995

(Feb) Lee Teng-hui, in his capacity as national leader, formally apologizes for the February 28 (1947) Incident.

(Jun) Lee Teng-hui visits Cornell University in the US, sparking tension in Taiwan- mainland relations.

1996

(Mar) Amidst Communist Chinese missile tests meant to intimidate Taiwan, the first ever direct popular election for the presidency is held; Lee Teng-hui wins with 54% of the vote.

(Dec) The National Development Conference is held; agreement is reached to "freeze" the provincial government.

1998

(Dec) Ground is broken for the Green Island Human Rights Monument.

1999

(Jul) Lee Teng-hui proposes the "two- states" formula; again cross-strait tensions rise.

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