1999 / 10月
Communist forces are repulsed at Kinmen, giving Taiwan a respite from the mainland threat.
The government announces the Emergency Provisions for the Period of Suppression of the Rebellion and declares martial law.
Rent reductions for tenant farmers are enforced.
(Mar) Chiang Kai-shek reassumes the presidency after a brief "retirement." The Korean War begins; the US resumes aid to Taiwan.
Local self-government begins; the island is divided into 5 cities and 16 counties, and local elections are held.
The "land to the tiller" policy is implemented.
Mainland China lays siege to Kinmen, sparking the "August 23 Artillery Duel."
With the holding of "supplementary elections," Taiwanese are given their first limited access to central govern- ment authority.
(Apr) The Tiaoyutai Incident.
(Oct) The ROC leaves the United Nations.
(Feb) Nixon visits the PRC; the Shanghai Communique is released.
(Sep) Japan breaks relations with the ROC
Chiang Kai-shek dies (he is succeeded by his vice-president, Yen Chia-kan).
The Chungli Incident; this is today widely seen as marking the rise of a serious opposition movement.
(Jan) The US announces intention to break relations with the ROC.
(Dec) The Kaohsiung Incident (a.k.a. the Formosa Incident or Meilitao Incident).
Founding of the Democratic Progres- sive Party.
(Jul) Martial law is formally lifted.
(Nov) New policy allows people to travel to mainland China.
(Jan) Ban on new newspapers is formally lifted.
President Chiang Ching-kuo dies; he is succeeded by vice-president Lee Teng- hui.
Number of formal diplomatic partners falls to all-time low at 22.
(May) The Period of Mobilization for Suppression of the Rebellion is terminated; sedition laws are eliminated.
(Dec) First election for National Assembly since 1947; KMT wins nearly 80% of the seats.
National Assembly amends constitu- ion to allow for direct popular election of the president.
(Apr) The Koo-Wang summit in Singapore breaks the ice in Taiwan-mainland relations.
(Aug) The New Party is founded, initiating an era of three-party politics.
(Dec) Direct elections for previously appointive positions of Taiwan governor, Taipei mayor, and Kaohsiung mayor.
(Feb) Lee Teng-hui, in his capacity as national leader, formally apologizes for the February 28 (1947) Incident.
(Jun) Lee Teng-hui visits Cornell University in the US, sparking tension in Taiwan- mainland relations.
(Mar) Amidst Communist Chinese missile tests meant to intimidate Taiwan, the first ever direct popular election for the presidency is held; Lee Teng-hui wins with 54% of the vote.
(Dec) The National Development Conference is held; agreement is reached to "freeze" the provincial government.
(Dec) Ground is broken for the Green Island Human Rights Monument.
(Jul) Lee Teng-hui proposes the "two- states" formula; again cross-strait tensions rise.