另一種「整潔」運動

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1989 / 3月

文‧林●青 圖‧李培徽


行政院婦聯分會主任委員俞董梅真女士在所推動「整潔禮貌」運動四年之後,再度出擊,發起「和諧社會需要你和我——讓我們的心靈整潔健康」運動。


在推動「整潔禮貌」運動的四年之中,俞夫人深切的體認到心靈的修養是一切行為的根基;只有由內而發,從個人心靈的修養做起,進而影響家庭,才能帶動整個社會健全的發展。

舉例來說,只有人人都有公德心,才能維護環境的整潔;也只有人人都能自尊尊人,社會才會有「禮」而和諧。

讓我們的心靈更健康

俞夫人認為,近幾年來,我國雖然經濟繁榮,民生富庶,社會風氣卻有讓人憂心的趨勢。

這是因為人們過度的追求物質的享受,而忽略精神的修養,造成固有優良文化和倫理道德的式微。有鑑於此,她特地透過中華婦女反共聯合會行政院分會(簡稱行政院婦聯分會),發起「和諧社會需要你和我——讓我們的心靈整潔健康」運動,希望呼籲社會大眾注意個人精神的修養,保持心靈的整潔健康,進而關心社會,共同建立一個健康和諧的社會。

在去年底,俞夫人所領導的行政院婦聯分會,為此還特別召開了一個座談會。會中邀請國內的知名學者、作家,及新聞界人士,共同為當前的社會把脈和建言,做為推動「和諧社會需要你和我——讓我們的心靈整潔健康」運動的第一步。

當天與會的,除了行政院婦聯分會的常務委員外,還有王洪鈞、柴松林、楊孝憿B謝瑞智四位傳播、社會、教育方面的學者,薇薇夫人、朱秀娟、張忠瑜、朱婉清四位女作家,以及電視新聞節目主持人陳月卿小姐、趙怡先生,和報社發行人王效蘭女士。

共同為社會把脈

與會人士一致認為,當前的社會雖然經濟富裕,卻有許多不和諧的現象。綜合大家的看法,主要的原因是:

一、過份傾向經濟主導的社會,使社會發展失衡,造成貧富差距拉大,以金錢為導向的價值觀深入人心。

二、家庭、社會,甚至人口結構的改變,如青少年人數的大量增加、農村人口大量外流等,都造成了社會關係的失調。

三、固有的倫理文化維護不力,僅餘制度與教條,對於西方自由、平等、民主等思想亦未能擇善應用,以致文化失去自主及主導力量,而讓西方的功利主義、個人主義、物質主義嚴重影響人民的思想及行為。

四、教育和文化投資不足,造成文化上的疏離現象。

五、社會福利投資不足,使基層人民缺乏安全感,造成社會脫序現象。

六、司法制度不夠健全,使公權力無法有效運作。

七、大眾傳播媒體誤導,過份強調立即報酬。

從自己做起

對於如何改進目前社會上的種種弊病,與會人士也紛紛提出他們的建言。大家的建議有:政府方面應增加文化和教育的投資,建立完善的社會福利制度及健全的法治體系,並且加強維護公信力與公權力;大眾傳播媒體則應該負起教育社會、改善社會風氣的責任,應避免誤導或誇大、渲染的報導。

他們並且認為,每個人都應為改善社會風氣負相當大的責任,當務之急,就是培養公德心。因為目前社會上的一些弊病,就是因為民眾缺乏公德心所造成的。許多人只要求別人,而不要求自己,只要權利,而忘了自己的責任與義務;唯有善盡自己的責任與義務,與他人互助合作,彼此尊重,才會有和諧的社會。

而公德心的培養,歸根結底,要從心靈的修養做起。唯有個人努力內在的修養,使心靈整潔健康,行為才不致有偏差,進而影響自身的家庭,再推而廣之,影響社區鄰里,才能促進社會的和諧。

這個座談會為「社會和諧需要你和我——讓我們的心靈整潔健康」運動揭開了序幕,今後,行政院婦聯分會將階段性的提出具體的計畫和活動,希望能獲得民眾的響應和配合。

相關文章

近期文章

EN

Another Kind of Cleanliness Campaign

Lin Yung-ching /photos courtesy of Li Pei-hui /tr. by Phil Newell

Four years after promoting the "Cleanliness and Politeness" campaign, Yu Toong Metsung, Chairperson of the Executive Yuan branch of the Chinese Women's Anti Aggression League, is once again stepping forward. This time it is to start up a campaign entitled: "A Harmonious Society Needs You and Me--Let's Make Our Minds and Spirits Healthy."


In four years of promoting the "Cleanliness and Politeness" campaign, Mrs. Yu came to understand deeply that the cultivation of the mind and spirit is the root of all behavior. One must begin from inside with the individual mind and spirit, then influence the family, and only then can one create the healthy development of society. For example, only if everyone has public spiritedness can a clean environment be maintained. Only by respecting oneself and inspecting others can society be harmonious.

Mrs. Yu believes that although in recent years the economy has prospered, social habits are moving in a disconcerting direction. This is because people pursue material enjoyment to too great a degree, and ignore spiritual cultivation, leading to a collapse of higher culture and ethics and morality. Therefore, she has, working through the Executive Yuan branch of the CWAL, launched the campaign "A Harmonious Society Needs You and Me-- Let's Make Our Minds and Spirits Healthy," to encourage people to pay attention to personal spiritual cultivation and to be concerned about society.

At the end of last year, the Executive Yuan branch of the CWAL led by Mrs. Yu convened a seminar to take the pulse of society and offer suggestions, and take the first step in the "Harmonious Society" campaign. Besides members of the CWAL Standing Committee, those in attendance included the Wang Hung-tiao, Chai Sung-lin, Yang Hsiao-jung, and Hsieh Zui-chih, scholars of mass media, society, and education. Also attending were the women authors Mrs. Wei Wei, Chu Hsiu-chuan, Chang Chung-yu, and Chu Wan-ching, as well as TV newscasters Miss Chen Yue-ching and Mr. Chao Yi, plus newspaper publisher Ms. Wang Hsiao-lan.

Those in attendance unanimously agreed that society has many unharmonious phenomena. The main reasons offered were:

(1) A society too oriented to economics makes social development unbalanced, creates gaps between the rich and the poor, and makes money the guiding value in people's hearts.

(2) The changes in family, social, and demographic structure, such as the increasing number of young people and large out-migration from rural areas, has made social relations maladjusted.

(3) Since there is inadequate maintenance of ethics and culture and too much attention to system and doctrine, one can't adopt the advantages of western liberalism, equality, and democracy, leading to the loss of cultural autonomy and allowing western utilitarianism, individualism, and materialism to seriously influence our thought and behavior.

(4) Educational and cultural investment is inadequate, creating a dislocation in culture.

(5) Social welfare investment is inadequate, making people at the lowest level lose their sense of security and creating social disorder.

(6) The legal system is not in good enough order and causes the public authority to lose effectiveness.

(7) The mass media misleads and overemphasizes immediate gratification.

As to how to correct current social problems, those in attendance offered suggestions. These included: The government should increase cultural and educational investment, establish a complete social welfare system and robust rule of law system, and strengthen public trust and public authority. The mass media should educate society and improve social habits, and should avoid exaggerating stories.

The most urgent task is for everyone to cultivate public spiritedness. Many people only ask of others, and not of themselves, they seek only rights and forget their own responsibilities. Only with mutual help and mutual respect can society be harmonious. And public spiritedness depends on cultivating the mind and spirit; then behavior will not be deviant, and then one can influence the family and further make society harmonious.

This seminar marked the kickoff of the "Harmonious Society" campaign. The CWAL offer concrete activities in stages, and hopes that it can win the support and cooperation of all the people in society.

 

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