快快樂樂做環保

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1999 / 10月

文‧澳洲 曾昭玉



來到澳洲這個地大人稀的國家,我們天天享受陽光、空氣、水,學習和大自然做朋友,在自家後院闢了一塊菜圃,也學習做起老農來。我們向市政府購買了二個垃圾回收箱,把每天廢棄的果菜食物殘渣丟到裡面去,再一層一層的覆蓋上泥土,日積月累,箱中生出許多蚯蚓來,吃了食物殘渣,製造出肥沃的新土,可以用來給花草果樹上肥,既省了肥料錢,又減少污染,真是一件快樂的事情,再看到澳洲花園展覽會場還有人專門賣蚯蚓,更覺得自己能自產蚯蚓,十分有成就感。

在墨爾本每一區的市政府也發給每戶一個塑膠袋,鼓勵住戶把瓶瓶罐罐分裝回收。每個月並訂有一天是廢紙回收日,屆時大家把家裡的廢報紙拿出來,綑紮成堆,放在垃圾桶旁,就有專人專車前來載走。我們居住的那一區,也許屬於較新的社區,也許市政府較有錢,分給每戶的垃圾桶比較大,而且垃圾車是機械化的,司機坐在車裡伸出機器怪手夾起垃圾桶,直接將垃圾傾倒於封閉的車箱中,非常迅速、乾淨。

最近本區市政府更依據每戶意願,發給各式尺寸三種不同顏色的垃圾桶,黑色用來裝一般垃圾,紅色用來裝花園廢棄草木,綠色則一半用來裝廢紙、一半用來裝可回收瓶罐,第一天送到家時,兒子高興的對妹妹說:「快出來幫忙把垃圾桶推進去,今天垃圾桶生出兩個小垃圾桶來,還一男(黑的)、一女(紅的)呢!」,市政府並隨附年曆表,根據垃圾桶的顏色標出這星期該推出何種垃圾桶,有了工具,人人做垃圾分類就更順手了。

除了垃圾分類外,平常居家,我們也儘量力求簡單,食物少買,把超級市場當冰箱,堅持每星期把自家冰箱存貨吃光後再去採購,否則,冰櫃中可能有存了年餘的食品尚未消化,最後只好丟進垃圾桶去,想想世界上還有多少饑餓待援的難民,自己就更不能這樣浪費了!其實這樣做另外還有一個好處是,有時就現有的原料拼拼湊湊,還可以創造出大受家人讚賞的新食譜來。而超級市場中購貨回來的塑膠袋就是最好的垃圾袋,有些人做的更好:購物時自備購物袋。少用一份塑膠袋,多盡一份環保心;超級市場門口也備有塑膠袋回收箱,鼓勵人們把家裡多餘的塑膠袋送回,維省當地的環保局更印製海報,鼓勵人們對塑膠袋的使用做到三R原則,即少用、重複使用及回收。前兩天我到藥房,又發現澳洲還有回收家裡未用完藥品的專門機構,才知道把沒用完的藥隨便丟棄也可能造成污染。

本地更隨處可見救世軍賣舊貨的小舖,熱熱鬧鬧的跳蚤市場,週末鄰居的車庫大拍賣及學校裡舊教科書的買賣,都是澳洲人惜物的表現,天下雜誌一九九期中登載楊瑪利報導的「坎培拉迎接零垃圾計劃」一文,可見澳洲致力環保的決心!

做為一個地球人,在享受大自然之美之餘,能善盡一己之心為保持乾淨快樂的地球出一份力,真是一件快樂的事!

每年六月五日是世界環保日,這是為紀念聯合國於一九七二年六月五日首度在瑞典斯德哥爾摩召開的世界環保會議;澳洲環保署在一九七六年第一次為世界環保日撰文呼籲,文中即明示環保目標在:「維持一個空氣適合呼吸、水質適合飲用及土地適合種植的世界」,希望大家共同以此為目標,隨時順手快快樂樂的做環保!

p.60

澳洲市政府發給市民每戶垃圾分類的專用垃圾桶,市府的用心,也促使大家維護環境的決心更加堅定。

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近期文章

EN

Doing Our Bit for the Environment

Tseng Chao-yu /tr. by Mark Caltonhill


Having moved to Australia, a large country with relatively few people, where everyday we enjoy the benefits of abundant sunshine, air and water, we have learnt to treat Nature as a friend. We've planted a vegetable plot in our backyard, and have also learnt a little farming. We've bought two rubbish recycling boxes from the municipal government, which we use to compost each day's fruit and vegetable scraps. The box produces lots of earthworms which, by consuming the food residues, manufacture a rich and fertile soil. This can be used to fertilize plants and fruit trees, not only saving money, but also reducing pollution. It really is an excellent business. Being able to produce earthworms myself, and seeing people at the Australian Garden Exhibition Center specializing in selling earthworms, has given me a great sense of achievement.

The local government in each district of Melbourne distributes plastic bags to every household to encourage residents to separate bottles and cans for recycling. One day each month is designated "paper recycling day." On the appointed day, everybody stacks the household's used newspapers into piles beside their trash cans, which are then taken away by collectors who drive around in specialized vehicles. Perhaps it is because the area in which we live is a relatively new community, or perhaps because the local government is wealthier, the dustbins provided to each household are bigger than what you find elsewhere. Moreover, the garbage trucks are mechanized. The driver never leaves the vehicle as the mechanized arms extend, grab the trash cans and pour the garbage directly into the sealed inner chamber of the vehicle. It is extremely rapid and clean.

In response to local residents' wishes, the local government in this district recently distributed trash cans in three different sizes and colors. Black ones are for ordinary garbage, red ones for garden waste, whilst half of the green ones are used for paper and half for recyclable bottles and cans. On the day they arrived at our home, my son delightedly told his little sister, "Quick, help me push the trash cans indoors. The trash can has just given birth to two baby cans, one boy (the black one) and one girl (the red one)!" The local government had attached a color-coded calendar indicating when we ought to put out which kind of trash can. With the right equipment, sorting out different categories of garbage becomes effortless.

In addition to garbage separation, we strive for simplicity in our daily lives. By buying smaller quantities of food we can allow the supermarkets to act as our refrigerators. By eating all the food in our home refrigerator each week before stocking up again, we can avoid storing a year's worth of food that we may end up throwing out. A quick thought of the many starving refugees around the world is sufficient to kick that habit! Actually, this approach has yet another advantage-by occasionally scraping together the odd remaining ingredients, one can invent new recipes that turn out to be surprisingly delicious.

The plastic bags provided by supermarkets make just about the best garbage bags. Some people go even one better, using their own bags to go shopping, thus saving one more plastic bag and making one more contribution to environmental protection. At supermarket entrances there is a box to encourage shoppers to return plastic bags for recycling. The State of Victoria's Department of Environmental Protection has printed posters reminding people to apply the "three Rs" principle to their use of plastic bags: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. A couple of days ago during a trip to a pharmacy, I discovered that Australia also has a special agency for recycling unused household drugs as these too can cause pollution.

One finds Salvation Army thrift stores everywhere in Australia. Along with the bustling flea-markets, weekend garage sales and sales of old textbooks in schools, these are all are expressions of Australian people's awareness of the value of things. Volume 199 of Taiwan's Commonwealth Magazine carried an article by Yang Ma-li entitled "Canberra Prepares for Zero Garbage Plan." It is clear that Australia is devoted to environmental protection.

As a citizen of the earth, it is truly a pleasure to enjoy the earth's abundant natural beauty. We must all do what we can to help keep the planet clean!

June 5th each year is World Environment Day, commemorating June 5th 1972 when the United Nations convened the first meeting of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. The Australian environmental protection agency issued an appeal for the first World Environment Day in 1976 in order to work toward the objective of preserving "a world in which the air remains fit to breathe, the water remains fit to drink and the soil remains productive." Let us hope that we can all unite behind this objective, and do our bit for the environment at all times.

p.60

Local governments in Australia issue each household with special trash cans for different categories of garbage. The government's concern encourages everyone to strengthen their resolve to work for environmental protection.

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