做個模範病人

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1988 / 7月

文‧蕭容慧



如果你已打算接受針灸治療,該作什麼準備呢?

很簡單,只要照著下面的提示,依樣畫葫蘆,包準醫護人員稱讚你是「模範病人」。

最重要的是,在治療前後宜保持情緒的穩定和輕鬆——否則,情緒緊張會導致肌肉無法放鬆,影響療效,還會增加痛感。

也許你曾聽過或看過:

為了顯示技術,醫生隔著衣服下針,看來功夫不凡,頗有武俠小說中高人異士之風,看得人一愣一愣的。殊不知,病人穿著的衣褲也許不乾淨,隔衣下針時順便把髒物帶進體內……,這正犯了大忌。

正確的方式是,受針的部位須除去衣物,且下針前要先消毒。所用的針最好是用過即丟的無菌針,或是由病人自備針盒,再交由醫院消毒。

如果你有了這些基本概念,就可出發了。

治療前請注意:

一、保持身體的整潔和乾淨,減少細菌感染的機會。如貼著膏藥,請拿掉。

二、儘量少戴首飾,以免遺失。

三、穿著寬鬆,女性宜穿二件式(非套頭的上衣和裙子)衣服,避免穿緊身褲襪。

四、不要在過度疲勞、過饑、過飽或內急時做治療。

治療中請記得:

一、別害怕,將心情放輕鬆——必須再次強調。

二、治療中如感覺不舒服,有頭昏、噁心、出冷汗、呼吸短促、胸悶等現象,這是「暈針」的前兆,請告知醫療人員。

三、隨時向醫療人員反應治療時的針感和艾灸的灼熱感。扎針或電針治療時若不適,不能強忍,一定要說出來,以便調整。

四、不要隨便改變姿勢或移動身體。

五、請勿吸煙。

治療後請小心:

一、不要揉針孔,以免瘀血或出血。但扎針處如有瘀血、酸痛,也毋需害怕,它會自行吸收或消失,適度的熱敷可加快恢復的速度。

二、針後會有殘存的針感(身體仍有酸漲無力的感覺),少則幾小時,多至一、二天,不用驚慌。

三、有些病人會有「針後疲勞」現象,或是扎針部位僵硬、疼痛,或是全身倦怠,容易熟睡,這也是正常反應。

四、治療當時,感覺症狀全消,當晚卻感到更加疼痛,這是反彈現象,第二天會慢慢改善。

五、可照常洗澡。但要注意艾灸或拔罐所引起的皮膚水泡,不要弄破它。只要保持清潔,避免細菌感染,就會自行消失。

六、針灸治療與其他治療並不衝突,可同時進行,也可繼續服用原來的藥物。

七、如果醫生沒有特別囑咐,可以照常飲食。

你看吧,接受針灸治療沒有想像中的「恐怖」,對不對?

相關文章

近期文章

EN

How to be a Model Patient

Sunny Hsiao


If you've decided upon acupuncture treatment, what should you do to prepare?

It's simple, just follow the suggestions below and you'll be the model patient.

Maintaining emotional stability and relaxation both before and after treatment is very important, otherwise nervousness will inhibit the loosening of the muscles and therefore affect treatment results. Besides, nervousness will increase the sensation of pain.

Perhaps you've either heard or seen the following:

A doctor, in order to show off his skill, inserts the needle right through the clothing resembling the style of a noble person from a Chinese martial arts novel. Actually, by inserting the needle through the clothing, dirt particles find a convenient way of entering the body which can be bad news.

The proper way is to remove clothing covering the area where injections are to take place. It's also necessary to disinfect the area before insertion. Sterile, disposable needles are preferred, or the patient may even take along his own set of needles which can be given to the doctor for sterilization.

Let's start with a few basic concepts. Preparation Prior to Treatment:

1. Maintain good personal hygiene to reduce the possibility of bacterial infection. If you've applied medicated plaster attached to a piece of cloth, then remove it.

2. In order to prevent loss, do not wear jewelry.

3. Wear loose clothing. It's recommended that females do not wear a one-piece dress. Avoid wearing tight stockings.

4. Avoid treatment while experiencing excessive fatigue, hunger, fullness, or anxiety.

What to Remember During Treatment:

1. There's no need to be frightened; relax. Relaxation is something that cannot be overemphasized.

2. If you experience discomfort, dizziness, nausea, cold sweat, loss of breath, or depression during treatment-- signs of "acupuncture related dizziness"-- be sure to tell your doctor.

3. Feel free to let your doctor know of any burning sensation you may experience during acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. If you find acupuncture or electro-acupuncture unbearable at any point during treatment, be sure to speak up so that proper adjustments can be made.

4. Don't change your posture or move suddenly.

5. Do not smoke.

What to Beware of After Treatment:

1. Do not rub the insertion points after treatment in order to prevent hematoma or bleeding. There's no need to be afraid if you experience hematoma or pain in the area of acupuncture treatment. It will automatically be absorbed or disappear. A heating pad can assist in the rate of recovery.

2. Don't be afraid if you experience the so-called "needle sensation," the prickly sensation of needles after treatment. It may last from as short as one hour to as long as one or two days.

3. Some people experience post-acupuncture fatigue, a stiffening of the area treated, pain, exhaustion, or drowsiness. These are common reactions to treatment.

4. It's possible that you may experience a total relief of pain, only to find that a short while later the pain will seem to have increased. This is a phenomenon known as "rebound," where the condition may worsen before it gradually improves the next day.

5. You may shower as usual, but beware so as not to break the blisters on the skin which are a result of moxibustion or the removing of a suction cup. By maintaining good hygiene and avoiding bacterial infection they will automatically disappear.

6. Acupuncture treatment will not interfere with other medical treatment. You may undergo various treatments simultaneously and continue using original medications.

7. Unless your doctor orders otherwise, you may eat as usual.

There, you see, acupuncture is not as terrifying as you once may have thought, right?

 

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