快做,要快啊!

:::

1987 / 6月

文‧王葭



周日雨中。

遠處是關渡大橋迷迷濛濛的輪廓,眼前是嘩啦嘩啦奔騰而下的「黑」水;五月十七號下午三點四十分左右,台北縣蘆洲抽水站二重疏洪道右岸堤防上,幾支大雨傘擠過來、晃過去,足足有半個多鐘頭。

「十五年?為什麼那麼久?要快啊!」傘下傳來心急的聲音。

說話的是行政院俞國華院長。自從五月初院會奡ㄔX淡水河系整治計畫,拯救淡水河一時成為熱門的話題。當時在院會討論,俞院長就提出多管齊下、說做就做的原則;週末假日,他於是輕車便服,邀了經建會主任委員趙耀東、衛生署長施純仁等人,到河口探察「進度」。

「是啊」,台北縣長林豐正趕忙解釋:「現在有了中央經費補助,台北縣的衛生下水道工程,已經提前到七十九年以前完工,提早十年了!」他接著想為院長說明整治計畫中,家庭汙水的流放過程,不過院長似乎知之甚詳,只說:

「這我知道,不過,在下水道沒做完以前,你們打算怎麼減少汙染源呢?」

林豐正縣長表示,目前「治標」的方法,一是加強取締工廠、畜牧廢水;另一方面,縣政府已經成立水上清潔隊,每天用舢舨來回清除水面漂流物,平均每天清理二公噸以上。

「每天撈二公噸?」院長又急了:「如果大家繼續倒垃圾,你撈二噸,他倒四噸,那媦敢o完呢?」

河堤上的話題,由垃圾處理、焚化爐,轉向維護「付費」的觀念。「現在中央出錢治河,將來維護的費用也不小,你們得自己想辦法嘍!」俞院長說,大家為自己製造的垃圾付清潔費,是亟待建立的共識。

一旁撐著藍白大傘的趙主委又提出了養豬廢水的問題。「比起家庭汙水,豬可是人的八倍哪!」趙主委不斷強調,養豬的社會成本太高,淡水河系卅萬頭豬隻,等於二百四十萬人,「這怎麼得了,農委會得研究研究,划不來嘛!」

主委快人快語,衛生署施純仁署長忙解釋,根據調查,目前台北縣沿岸豬隻應該是四萬八千頭……。雨傘底下一陣討論,俞院長說:「也不能急著制止啊,總要先想法子,否則養豬戶怎麼生活?」趙主委接著又提出工業廢水取締的問題,他認為最好由中央專責機構負責,否則地方政府壓力太大。俞院長聽後頻頻點頭,然後轉向林豐正縣長說:

「我也知道你們巧婦難為無米炊,沒有錢,難辦事。這回配合整治計畫,雖然中央有補助,還是有點吃不消吧?!不過,愈快做,成本愈低,再拖,就更花錢了……」一語未了,院長忽然指著堤邊上聞風趕來拍照的記者說:「你小心啊,別摔下去了」,堤下汙水滾滾,掉下去,可真是——跳到淡水河也洗不清啦。

雨更大了,傘下的談興雖濃,傘緣間的水花,卻直濺得人視線模糊。「很慚愧啊,一直沒好好徹底做,下雨天,還要院長來……」,林豐正縣長揮著眉梢的雨珠,院長沒讓他說完,拍拍他的肩說:「下不下雨倒無所謂,問題是,快做,要快啊!」

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EN

Speed's the Thing

Wang Chia /tr. by Peter Eberly


Sunday, in the rain.

In the distance loomed the vague outline of Kuantu Bridge; up close, dark water gushed out of a conduit. At around 3:40 in the afternoon of May 17th, on the right bank of the Erhchung flood control channel at Luchou pump station in Taipei County, several large umbrellas moved back and forth for a good half hour or more.

"Fifteen years? Why so long? Speed's the thing!" an urgent voice was heard from under one of the umbrellas.

The speaker was Premier Yu Kuo-hwa, president of the ROC's Executive Yuan. Ever since the beginning of May, when Premier Yu first proposed the Recovery Project of the Tamsui River Watershed Area saving the Tamsui has been a hot news item. This Sunday, the premier invited Chao Yao-tung, chairman of the Council for Economic Planning and Development; Shih Ch'un-jen, directorgeneral of the Department of Health; and other officials to the mouth of the river to examine the state of "progress" first-hand.

"You're right," Lin Feng-cheng, the Taipei County magistrate, hastened to explain. "And now that we're going to receive financial assistance from the national government, we can finish the sanitary sewerage system by 1990, ten years ahead of time!" He was about to go on to describe the project more fully, but the premier seemed to be familiar with the details.

"I know about that," the premier said. "But how are you planning to cut back pollution before the system is completed?"

Magistrate Lin replied that the county has set up a clean-up team that has been removing an average of over two tons of debris from the river a day and that it is strengthening its enforcement measures against factories and pig raisers who discharge waste into the river. The discussion turned to waste treatment, incinerators, the concept of "beneficiary charges," and back to pigs again.

"Let's not be in too much of a hurry to stop that," the premier cautioned. "Otherwise, what will the pig raisers do?"

Chairman Chao then asked that the national government take responsibility for waste water enforcement on the grounds that it places too heavy a burden on local authorities. The premier nodded his head and then turned to Magistrate Lin:

"There's a saying that 'even a clever cook can't make a meal without food,' and maybe you're feeling a little pinched despite the national subsidy. But remember, the sooner we do it, the lower the costs; if we keep putting it off, it will only cost more. . . ." His words not finished, the premier suddenly pointed to a reporter taking a picture on the bank and called out, "Watch out, don't fall in!"

The rain fell even harder. The talk had been intense, but the people under the umbrellas were hard to make out in the downpour. "We're really ashamed," Magistrate Lin apologized, brushing raindrops off his brow. "All this time and the river still isn't cleaned up. And now the premier has had to come here on a day like this. . . ." Premier Yu patted him on the shoulder and said: "No matter about the rain. The point is to work quickly. Speed's the thing!"

 

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