社會大事記

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1999 / 10月



民國三十九年

勞保實施

民國四十七年

台灣人口數超過一千萬人

民國四十八年

發生「八七水災」,六百多人喪生,數十萬人無家可歸

民國五十五年

證嚴法師創立慈濟功德會

民國五十七年

開始實施家庭計畫,降低生育率

民國五十八年

金龍少棒隊首度贏得世界冠軍,舉國振奮

民國六十九年

消費者文教基金會成立,開社運團體之先河

民國七十四年

實施「勞基法」

民國七十五年

鹿港抗議美商杜邦設廠,開民間環保抗爭之先例

民國七十六年

「大家樂」賭風日熾,愛國獎券被迫停辦

民國七十七年

爆發台灣史上最大農民抗議活動「五二○農運」

民國七十八年

台灣人口超過兩千萬人

抗議房價飆升,無殼蝸牛組織發動萬人夜宿忠孝東路

民國八十三年

「反核四」,貢寮鄉舉行公投

民國八十四年

「全民健保」開辦

六十五歲人口超過總人口百分之七,邁入老年社會

民進黨執政縣市開始發放老人津貼,進入福利競爭時代

民國八十五年

桃園縣長劉邦友官邸命案,及民進黨婦女部主任彭婉如遇害

賀伯颱風侵台,南投山區嚴重土石流

民國八十六年

白曉燕遭撕票,民間發起五二○抗議遊行

溫妮颱風侵台,汐止林肯大郡坍塌,二十八人喪生

民國八十七年

一月,政府單位實施隔週休二日,台灣進入休閒時代

民國八十八年

九月,發生規模達七•三級之「九二一集集大地震」,造成百年來最慘重之災害,罹難人數達二千餘人

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Fifty Years of Social Change


1950

Labor insurance is implemented.

1959

The "August 7th Flood" strikes; more than 600 die; hundreds of thousands left homeless.

1958

Taiwan's population exceeds 10 million.

1966

The Buddhist nun Cheng Yen founds the Tzu Chi Foundation.

1968

Family planning is introduced to lower the birth rate.

1969

The Dragons little league baseball team wins the world championship, setting off a national celebration.

1980

The Consumers' Foundation is estab- lished, initiating a wave of social activism.

1985

The Basic Labor Law is implemented.

1986

The city of Lukang protests the establis- ment of a factory for the American manufacturer Dupont, the first instance of environmental protest in Taiwan.

1987

The gambling game "Dajia Le" reaches epidemic proportions, forcing the suspension of the "National Patriotic Sweepstakes," on whose serial numbers "Dajia Le" is based.

1988

The largest farmers' protest in Taiwan's history, the "May 20th protest," erupts.

1989

Taiwan's population exceeds 20 million. The "Snails Without Shells" movement, protesting the rapid rise in housing prices, mobilizes tens of thousands to camp out on the streets of Taipei.

1994

Public protests held in Kungliao Rural Township against Taiwan's fourth nuclear power plant .

1995

The population over the age of 65 exceeds 7% of the general population. National Health Insurance is implemented. Counties and cities under DPP rule distribute senior citizen tax rebates; Taiwan enters the age of welfare competition.

1996

Taoyuan County chief Liu Pang-yu and associates found murdered; DPP women's bureau director Peng Wan-ju murdered. Typhoon Herb strikes the island, causing serious landslides in Nantou County.

1997

Pai Hsiao-yen, teenage daughter of actress Pai Ping-ping, is kidnapped and mur dered, sparking protest rally on May 20. Typhoon Winnie strikes; Lincoln Mansion in the Taipei suburb of Hsichih collapses, killing 28.

1998

In January, government offices begin alternating two-day weekends; Taiwan enters the age of leisure.

1999

On Sept. 21, an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale, its epicenter at Chichi in Nantou County, causes Taiwan's greatest catastrophe in 100 years, with loss of more than 2,000 lives.

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