經濟大事記

:::

1999 / 10月



民國三怳K年

六月,實施幣制改革,舊台幣四萬元換新台幣一元

民國三怳E年

韓戰爆發,美國政府重新支持國府政權,恢復美援

民國四怳G年

開始一連串四年經濟計畫

民國四怳誚~

台塑PVC粉工廠開工

民國四怳E年

制訂「獎勵投資條例」

民國五怳@年

工業產值首度超過農業產值,開啟工業化時代

民國五怳郎~

全球首座加工出口區於高雄啟用

民國六怳G年

第一次全球能源危機,國內物價飛漲

推動「抾筍堻]計畫」,興建核電廠

民國六怳K年

第二次全球能源危機,經濟成長受創

民國六怳E年

成立新竹科學工業園區

民國七怳郎~

房地產開始飆漲,泡沫經濟醞釀

民國七怳誚~

重化工業比率開始超過輕工業

民國七怳E年

股市加權指數創下一萬二千點之歷史紀錄

民國八怞~

外交部宣佈以「中華台北」名義,與中共、香港同時加入亞太經合會

台幣兌美元匯率升至二怳迨虞s高點

民國八怚|年

五月,外匯存底衝上一千億美元

民國八怳郎~

政府宣示「戒急用忍」政策,減緩大企業投資大陸腳步

民國八怳誚~

德商拜耳不耐地方環保抗爭,宣布退出台灣投資,「亞太營運中心」受挫

七月開始,金融風暴席捲東亞,台灣亦受波及

民國八怳C年

本土型金融風暴爆發,企業紛傳跳票倒閉

民國八怳K年

七月,台南左鎮一座輸電鐵塔倒塌,爆發全台首次大停電事件

投資總額高達五千億的高鐵BOT案,幾經轉折,終於定案

九月,發生規模達七•三級的「集集大地震」,經濟損失估計超過千億元台幣

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Timeline of Key Economic Events


1949

(June) Currency reform. One New Taiwan dollar equals 40,000 old dollars.

1950

Outbreak of Korean War. US government resumes support for the Nationalist administration and restores aid.

1953

First four-year economic plan.

1957

Formosa Plastics PVC plant begins operation.

1960

Investment Incentive Statute.

1962

Value of industrial output exceeds that of agricultural output for the first time-Taiwan joins the industrial age.

1966

Establishment of the world's first export processing zone, in Kaohsiung.

1973

Prices surge in response to global oil crisis.

Launch of the Ten Major Construction Projects. Construction of nuclear power plant.

1979

Second global energy crisis slows economic growth.

1980

Establishment of Hsinchu Science- Based Industrial Park.

1986

Property prices begin to skyrocket, bubble economy in the making.

1987

Heavy industry surpasses light industry as a proportion of the economy.

1990

Stock market hits all-time high at 12,000 points.

1991

MOFA announces Taiwan's entry into APEC at the same time as the PRC and Hong Kong, under the name "Chinese Taipei."

New Taiwan dollar appreciates to 25:1 against the US$.

1995

Forex reserves reach US$100 billion.

1996

Government announces "No haste, be patient" policy, to put the brakes on mainland investments by major corporations.

1997

Weary of local environmental protests, the German firm Bayer cancels a planned investment, delivering a blow to Taiwan's APROC aspirations.

Taiwan peripherally affected by the financial turmoil which sweeps through the region from July onwards.

1998

Outbreak of domestic financial crisis, causing defaults and bankruptcies.

1999

(July) Collapse of an electricity pylon triggers islandwide blackout. After various setbacks, the NT$500 billion BOT high-speed rail project at last gets finalized.

(Sept) Taiwan hit by major earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale. Economic losses estimated at over NT$100 billion.

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