發展中的石油化學工業

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1976 / 8月



石油化學工業為二十世紀的新興事業。它在中間產品製造過程中,可以引發對鋼鐵、酸鹼與觸媒化學、人造纖維及塑膠工業的需要,並且促進其發展,已經成為一國的基本工業。政府為求石油化學工業的整體發展,特別投入鉅額資金,推進石油化學工業的上、下游計畫,建立由基本原料製造至成品加工的一貫生產體系,來充分供應國內塑膠及紡織工業的需要。

石油化學產品基本原料有三大類:(1)烷烴類(甲烷、乙烷),(2)烯烴類(乙烯、丙烯、丁二烯),(3)芳香烴類(苯、甲苯、二甲苯)。目前國內石油化學基本原料係由中國石油公司負責生產及供應;製成終極產品的下游工業,則由民營事業經營。至於石油化學中間產品,目前亦已有一部份由國營及若干民營事業生產中。其中國營者有中化公司對苯二甲酸、二甲酯及丙烯誘u場,中台公司的己內醯胺工場。

中國石油公司為負責石油化學上游原料供應,早於民國五十七年於高雄煉油廠內興建完成第一輕油裂解工廠,年產乙烯五萬四千萬公噸。其後,為增加供應烯烴原料,復於六十四年在高雄煉油總廠完成第二輕油裂解工場,年產乙烯二十三萬公噸及丙烯、丁二烯等,以供應石油化學下游工業原料的需要,並已於當年十月正式試車生產。由於上述兩工場產品仍然不敷國內市場應用,因此,中國石油公司自六十三年四月開始,在林園石油化學工業區內,興建第三輕油裂解工場,前期計畫現在已接近完成階段,預計明年初即可部分開工。

〔圖片說明〕

P.2

中國石油化學公司氯乙烯廠。

P.2

苯乙烯廠。

P.4

對苯二甲酸二甲酯工場。

P.5

興建中之第三輕油裂解工場。

P.4

左:中國石油公司化驗室。

P.4

右:中台化工公司己內醯胺工場。

P.6

中國石油公司油糟管。

P.6

中油高雄煉油廠控制室。

P.6

第二輕油裂解工場。

P.6

丙烯遞t。

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近期文章

EN

Petrochemicals--New In the 20th Century


The petrochemical industry is a new enterprise of the 20th century. Its intermediate products can meet needs of the steel, catalytic chemistry, synthetic fibre and plastics industries, and also promote their development. It has already become one of the basic national industries of the Republic of China. To bring about an integrated development of the petrochemical industry, the government has made large investment in "upstream" and "down stream" projects, which will establish a complete production line, from the supply of raw materials to the processing of products.

The basic raw materials of the petrochemical industry are grouped into three categories: 1. Alkanes (methane, ethane) 2. Olefins (ethylene, propylene, butadiene) 3. Aromatics (benzene, toluene, xylene). At present, the Chinese Petroleum Corporation is responsible for the supply of raw materials, while the private investors take care of the "downstream" projects. Part of the intermediate products are also currently produced by both state-owned and private enterprises. Among state-owned operations are the DMT plant of the China Petrochemical Development Corporation and the caprolactam plant of the Chung-Tai Chemical Industries Corporation.

The Chinese Petroleum Corporation set up the first naphtha cracker at the Kaohsiung Refinery in 1968 to provide the basic raw materials for the "upstream" projects of the petrochemical industry. It produces 54,000 metric tons of ethylene annually. Later, to meet the need of the growing industry, the second naphtha cracker was completed in 1975. It produces ethylene, propylene and butadiene as raw materials. However, these products were still not sufficient for the domestic market. CPC began construction of the third naphtha cracker at the Lin Yuan petrochemical complex in April of 1974. The first stage is near completion. Part of it will start operation early next year.

[Picture Caption]

Vinylchloride plant

Styrene plant

Dimethyl terephthalate plant

The third naphtha cracker under construction

Left: laboratory of the Chinese Petroleum Corporation

Right: caprolactam plant

CPC's storage pipe

Control room of CPC's Kaohsiung Refinery

Recently-completed second naphtha cracker

Acrylonitrile plant

 

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