海內外交流道

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1987 / 6月



物品入境免稅須知

自五月十九日起,港、澳、日、琉等地區入境的旅客可以免稅攜帶價值一千五百美元的物品入境,自其他地區入境的免稅額則為三千美金。財政部指出,菸酒、黃金等管制物品不在免稅額內,那麼到底那些物品合於免稅條件?

「入境旅客攜帶行李物品限量表」可供讀者參考。原則上免稅物品應該以民眾自用的為限,只要海關官員認為合於自用原則的,都可以在免稅額內免稅放行。

與一般民眾相關的可免稅物品包括:

●食品類、非疫區生產的新鮮水果卅六公斤,咖啡、可可各六罐、巧克力糖六公斤。

●家庭室內用品及廚房用具類:地毯三條,毛毯四條,棉被三床,被單六床,窗簾布、沙發椅套料六十公尺,茶具、咖啡具各四組。

●家用電器及器具類:家用個人電腦主機及周邊設備磁碟機、列表機等各一台,電唱機、收音機、錄音機、收錄音機各一台,電視、錄放影機(家庭用)各一台,攜帶式錄影機座及攝影機一組,汽車用收錄音機一台,錄影帶十二卷,音響設備(家庭用)一組,電視遊樂器一組,電烤爐一具,電子鍋二具,電子微波爐一具等。

●其他:照相機一台,不同型式鏡頭各一個,男女手錶各三隻,高爾夫球桿一套(十三桿),釣魚竿六支,煙具三套,家庭照明器具六具,化菻~(粉、面霜、口紅、畫眉筆、胭脂、香水等)各廿四盒(瓶、支),洗髮精廿四瓶等。

如果攜帶的物品價值超過免稅額,則依法應課關稅,一般用品稅率百分之廿,電器品則按各類產品稅率課稅。

外國人士來華簽證簡化作業

外交部已經修訂簡化外人來華的簽證辦法,並經行政院核定,實施。

新修訂的「外國護照簽證辦法」,與現行辦法最大不同點有二:

——簡化簽證種類,將原有外交、公務、禮遇、過境、觀光、商務、入境、學生等八種,歸併為外交、禮遇、停留、居留等四種簽證。

也就是,原來的公務簽證並入外交或禮遇簽證;原來的觀光、商務、過境等三種簽證合併為停留簽證;原來的入境及學生簽證則並為居留簽證。

——新辦法係基於平等互惠原則,彈性調整外國人來華簽證的效期,最長可達五年,一般簽證效期為三個月。

這次簡化簽證作業於國內外及駐外單位同時實施,外國人來華無論持居留或停留簽證,非經核准均不得在我國打工。

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Which Products Can Be Brought to the ROC Duty Free?

Beginning May 19th, those entering Taiwan from Hong Kong, Macao, Japan, and Okinawa may bring in US$1,500 worth of goods duty free. Those entering from other areas may bring in US$3,000 worth of items duty free. However, the Ministry of Finance has stated that cigarettes, alcohol, gold, and other restricted products can not be included within the duty-free limitations.

Duty-free items are limited to those which are for personal use, in the judgment of the customs official. A list of restricted items can be provided to the traveler. Items which would commonly be permitted to enter duty free include:

(1) Food products from unquarantined areas, including up to 36 kilograms of fresh fruit, six cans each of coffee or cocoa, and six kilograms of chocolate.

(2) Household and kitchen items, including three carpets, four woolen blankets, three bed covers, and six sheets; 60 meters of material for curtains, sofas, or chairs; and four services each for coffee or tea.

(3) Home and other appliances including one each of personal computer main units, computer peripherals, floppy disk drives, and monitors; one each of record players, radios, audio tape recorders, or radio/cassette players; one each of televisions, home video recorders, and portable video recorder units; one car radio/cassette player; twelve videotapes; one set of home stereo equipment; one home entertainment system; one electric oven; two automatic rice cookers; one microwave oven.

(4) Miscellaneous items including one camera, and one each of various, different lenses; three each of both men's and ladies' wristwatches; one set of golf equipment (thirteen clubs); six fishing poles; three sets of smoking paraphenalia, six home lighting fixtures or units; 24 units each of various cosmetics (powder, face cream, lipstick, eyebrow pencils, rouge, perfume), 24 bottles of shampoo.

If the total value of the items carried exceeds the duty-free limits, then duties must be paid according to law. The rate for most common products is twenty percent of the value. The rate for appliances and electrical products is determined according to the specific type of item in question.

 

Simplification of Visas for Foreign Visitors to the ROC

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) has revised and simplified the visa process for foreign visitors coming to the ROC This change has been approved for implementation by the Executive Yuan.

The new process differs from the current one in two significant ways:

First, it reduces the number of types of visas from eight (diplomatic, official, transit, tourist, student, commercial, entry, and special visas) to four (diplomatic, temporary stay, residence, and special visas). Thus what was originally an "official" visa will now be "diplomatic," or "special." Tourist, transit, and commercial visas are now to be categorized as "temporary stay," while entrance and student visas will become "residence" visas.

Second, the new system is based on the principle of equal and reciprocal privileges, and the time limit can be adjusted flexibly. The longest possible time is five years; in general, visas are valid for three months.

The MOFA said that this new system would go into effect simultaneously at home and at the ROC's representative offices abroad. The Ministry also noted that regardless of whether or not a foreign visitor has a temporary stay or residence visa, employment is prohibited unless first approved.

 

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